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Annual Performance Report 2013 Department of Meteorology

Original Article: Link

1. Introduction

1.2 Background
Meteorological observations were started in 1867 under the Department of Survey and in the year 1909 it was reestablished in the present premises as the Colombo observatory and thereafter converted into a separate independent department in 1948

1.3 Functions
The following major functions are accomplished by the department as the government statutory body for providing Meteorology and climatology related services.

1. Maintenance of Climatological data systems
2. Provision of data/ information to the public, various institutions, and to world weather observation networks
3. Provision of aero meteorological information for aviation services
4. Dissemination of early warning and instructions on Tsunami and other unfavorable weather conditions
5. Raising awareness of the Public on the subject field and provision of instructions and equipment where necessary
6. Conducting research related to the field and provision of scientific services to the researchers
7. Provision of limited services related to astronomy and geo magnetism

The meteorological department which is a member of the world meteorological Organization provides all the above services in conformity with the WMO and ICAO standards.

1.3 Institutional Structure
The Department is administered by a Director General and consists of 05 major divisions which are administered by 05 directors with 11sub divisions affiliated to it.

In addition to the headquarters, 22 regional meteorological centers, 36 automated meteorological observation centers, 35 agro meteorological centers and 400 rain gauge centers are conducted by the Department for the purpose of obtaining data.

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7th Monsoon Forum – Sri Lanka

Original Article: Link

1.1 Background
The Monsoon Forum, a platform for enhanced application of forecast application, provides opportunity for regular dialogue between Sri Lanka’s Department of Meteorology (DOM) and its
stakeholder institutions to promote a) enhanced understanding, by forecast user institutions, of forecast products including their limitations and uncertainties; and b) better appreciation, by
DMH, of users’ information requirements. The process facilitates a cycle of refinement of forecast products to suit users’ needs and development of more robust information sharing system,
redounding to better application of forecasts.

Built on the monsoon, a regular phenomena in the country, the Monsoon Forum has taken a multi-hazard approach by May 2012, integrating issues on forecasts/warning information and
other concerns regarding geological hazards like earthquakes and tsunamis.

The 7th Monsoon Forum is organized by DOM with support from the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the Regional Integrated MultiHazard Early Warning System (RIMES) through the project “Reducing risks of tsunamis, storm surges, large waves, and other natural hazards in low elevation coastal zones”.

1.2 Objectives
The 7th Monsoon Forum, convened on 30 April 2013 at DOM Auditorium, Colombo, Sri Lanka, was with the following objectives:

a) review the 2012-2013 Northeast Monsoon in terms of patterns of climate and performance of the seasonal climate
b) draw feedback from user institutions on the relevance/usability of the seasonal forecast for the Northeast Monsoon and recommendations for enhancement of forecast products
c) present the seasonal forecast for the Southwest Monsoon
d) present sectoral potential impacts outlook and response options for possible application by stakeholders
e) present/discuss recent issues/concerns/developments in earthquake monitoring and tsunami early warning and response

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Annual Administration Report – 2011 Department of Meteorology

Original Article: Link


A centre of Excellence in Weather and Climate related services.

Provide services pertaining to Meteorology, Aeronautical Meteorology, Marine Meteorology, Hydro Meteorology, Agricultural Meteorology, Climatology, and Astronomy to government agencies, private sector and the general public in keeping with national interests and international standards.

• To observe and collate weather elements in conformity with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) standards, and maintenance of climatological databases.
• To provide weather and climatological services as the national authority.
• To issue early warnings and advisories on weather related hazards and tsunami.
• To provide meteorological services to national and international aviation in accordance with the technical regulations stipulated by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)..
• To encourage study and research in Meteorology, Climatology, Climate Change and allied subjects, and to organize and contribute to public awareness programmes in these thematic areas.
• To provide limited astronomical and terrestrial magnetism related services.

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Sri Lanka: The project for improvement of meteorological and disaster information network for Sri Lanka – Automatic Weather Station (AWS) project

13 Jul 2009

Original Article: Link

REPORT from Government of Sri Lanka

The existing meteorological observation maintained by the Department of Meteorology consists of manually operated meteorological instruments. The communication system connecting these network sites to the National Meteorological Centre (NMC) in Colombo too is far from adequate and hence the availability of real time information at the NMC particularly during the bad weather periods is unsatisfactory resulting in difficulties with weather forecasting. Due to these reason, Department of Meteorology considers that improvement of its meteorological network is of vital national importance.

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