Tag Archives: Sri Lanka

“SL integrating to renewable energy to minimise oil and coal – Prez”

Source – Link

Date – 14 March 2019

Sri Lanka is rapidly moving to integrate renewable energy such as solar, wind, wave and biogas to our energy mix to minimise oil and coal use, President Maithripala Sirisena said. 

Speaking today at the 4th Session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA4) in Nairobi, Kenya, the President said Sri Lanka has taken several ground-level smart initiatives for policy formulation and implementation toward greening under the government’s “Blue-Green” approach covering both land and ocean. 

The National Policy on Urban Air Quality Management ensures clean air for a healthy nation or the ‘Clean Air 2025 Action Plan.’ Oil-based transport and power sectors have been identified as the main source of emissions, therefore, importation of vehicles was restricted to EURO IV standards, the President said.  Continue reading “SL integrating to renewable energy to minimise oil and coal – Prez”

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“Sri Lanka says multilateralism could still deliver despite challenges”

Source – Link

Date – March 2, 2019

Addressing the Annual High-level Panel Discussion on Human Rights Mainstreaming on 25 February, Sri Lanka said that having actively engaged in a number of inter-governmental processes, and observing the overwhelming desire of the stakeholders to build consensus and collective outcomes over the last several years, it believed that the “picture is not entirely bleak”, and “there is still hope that multilateralism can deliver despite challenges.” 

Sri Lanka’s Deputy Permanent Representative in Geneva Samantha Jayasuriya stated so, speaking on the theme ‘Human Rights in the light of multilateralism: opportunities, challenges and the way forward’, during the ongoing 40th Session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva Continue reading “Sri Lanka says multilateralism could still deliver despite challenges”

Specialized rainforest hunting by Homo sapiens ~45,000 years ago

Source – Link

Oshan WedageNoel AmanoMichelle C. LangleyKaterina DoukaJames BlinkhornAlison CrowtherSiran DeraniyagalaNikos KourampasIan SimpsonNimal PereraAndrea PicinNicole BoivinMichael Petraglia & Patrick Roberts

Abstract

Defining the distinctive capacities of Homo sapiens relative to other hominins is a major focus for human evolutionary studies. It has been argued that the procurement of small, difficult-to-catch, agile prey is a hallmark of complex behavior unique to our species; however, most research in this regard has been limited to the last 20,000 years in Europe and the Levant. Here, we present detailed faunal assemblage and taphonomic data from Fa-Hien Lena Cave in Sri Lanka that demonstrates specialized, sophisticated hunting of semi-arboreal and arboreal monkey and squirrel populations from ca. 45,000 years ago, in a tropical rainforest environment. Facilitated by complex osseous and microlithic technologies, we argue these data highlight that the early capture of small, elusive mammals was part of the plastic behavior of Homo sapiens that allowed it to rapidly colonize a series of extreme environments that were apparently untouched by its hominin relatives.

Introduction

There is growing evidence that Homo sapiens had a unique capacity to adapt to a diversity of extreme environments, both within and beyond Africa, when compared with other members of the genus Homo1. Nevertheless, studies of migrations of our species into Europe, the Middle East, and Asia have often focused on its increased efficiency in hunting, butchering, and consuming medium-to-large game in open “savanna” settings2,3. Alternatively, coastal settings have been highlighted as providing homogeneous, protein-rich resources that stimulated human evolution as well as migration beyond Africa from the Late Pleistocene4,5. Focus on these environments has meant that small mammals have been neglected in discussions of the human colonization of new environments, despite the fact that a specialization in their procurement is often considered a feature of technological and behavioral “complexity” or “modernity” unique to our species6,7. Concentration on Europe and West Asia in this regard has linked increased usage and capture of agile, but abundant, small mammals to human population growth or climatically driven crises associated with the end of the last glacial period6. Nevertheless, the onset and behavioral context of small mammal hunting in other parts of the world, and beyond temperate environments, has remained poorly studied. Continue reading Specialized rainforest hunting by Homo sapiens ~45,000 years ago

Count the birds: Public urged to join global initiative

Source – Link

As the annual initiative, Great Backyard Bird Count (GBBC) from February 15-18–where birdwatchers around the world are invited to count and report details of birds in the area in which they live– marks its last day tomorrow, a veteran ornithologist here has said it was important to keep a tab on what are regarded as common birds too.

Prof. Sarath Kotagama says that while many are concerned about the declining numbers of rare birds, the numbers of common birds, too, could dip towards extinction without anyone realizing it and, therefore, it was important to take a count of those birds too.

The latest ‘State of the World Birds’ report published by BirdLife International reveals that while highly threatened species continue to go extinct, what were once considered common and widespread species too are in sharp decline. At least 40% of bird species worldwide (3,967) have declining populations, compared with 44% that are stable (4,393) according to the report. Continue reading Count the birds: Public urged to join global initiative

Weather monitoring: Equipment worth Rs. 72m gone with the wind

By Sandun Jayawardana

Sri Lanka has abandoned an initiative to use satellite technology during natural disasters, leaving Rs 72 million worth of equipment unused for four years before finally dismantling it, the Auditor General (AG) has found. The project was initiated in 2011 and given up despite the country facing severe natural disasters in previous years, states the latest report of the AG on the Disaster Management Centre (DMC). The DMC found out that the satellite technology equipment was not compatible with its other systems, only when the full system was installed.

The DMC Director General admitted to the AG that the equipment was bought without first conducting a proper study. The project’s nerve centre was an Information Communication Centre (ICC) established in Padukka under the International Centre for Emergency Techniques based in the Netherlands. Continue reading Weather monitoring: Equipment worth Rs. 72m gone with the wind

Devastating monsoon flooding from Sri Lanka to northwest Australia

Original Article: Link

Author: Tom Di Liberto

January 23, 2015

When it comes to monsoonal rainfall, the saying “when it rains, it pours” is usually an apt description. With that said, the rains that fell across Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, southern Thailand, and Australia during the second half of December and beginning of January were unusually heavy, even for this extremely wet region of the globe.

From December 14 through the first two weeks of January, more than 39 inches (1000 mm) of rain fell in parts of Malaysia. On the Malay Peninsula, in just 24 hours between December 21-22, the city of Kuantan observed up to 10 inches (255mm) of rain.

 

monsoon map.png
Total rainfall (left) and percent of normal rainfall (right) for the Maritime Continent from December 14, 2014, through January 13, 2015. Torrential rains displaced hundreds of thousands when monsoon rains coincided with the enhanced phase of the Madden Julian Oscillation. Maps by NOAA Climate.gov, based on data from the NOAA/CPC Unified Rain Gauge Analysis.

The rains extended as far south as the remote Dampier Peninsula in northwestern Australia, where, during the beginning of January, more than 400mm fell in 24 hours in Cape Leveque. The 400mm nearly double the previous 24-hr January record at the station. In fact, the number could have even been higher except the rain gauge overflowed. It was the tenth highest daily rainfall amount on record in Western Australia. Overall, rains since December 14 were 150-600% of normal across Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, southern Thailand and northern Australia.

Continue reading Devastating monsoon flooding from Sri Lanka to northwest Australia

Climate change has come to stay, Earth getting warmer

Original Article: Link

By Aanya Wipulasena and Anushiya Sathisraja

Reservoirs, urban drainage systems not designed to absorb water in such massive quantities

View(s):

Last week, it rained so hard in Mannar that the rain gauge notched 350mm (12 inches) within a day. The waterways overflowed. It was a downpour of tremendous proportions. But, beset like the rest of the world by climate change problems, it was hardly unusual for Sri Lanka.

There is no sugarcoating it. Sri Lanka faces issuesdrought_image.jpg due to global warming. The most notable one is a change in rainfall patterns. There were more floods and more droughts. And each episode was more severe than the one before it.

Continue reading Climate change has come to stay, Earth getting warmer

Sri Lanka ready for El Niño

Original Article at SciDev.Net: Link

A23076882E19548690A86D38C9D628EAAmantha Perera

26/10/15

Speed read

  • As the El Niño hits South Asia, Sri Lanka announces readiness to face the phenomenon
  • Officials bank on assessments that predict extra rainfall in Sri Lanka over the last quarter of 2015
  • Wildly erratic weather over the last five years has kept Sri Lankan authorities on their toes

[COLOMBO]  Sri Lankan officials say the country is prepared to face the El Niño weather phenomenon in the last quarter of 2015 and take precautions based on the experience of the recent past.
Continue reading Sri Lanka ready for El Niño

Climate Change behind mysterious kidney disease: Study

By The Nation Online –  Oct 9, 2015
kidney-failure.jpg
Human Kidneys

A mysterious kidney disease that has killed over 20,000 people in Central America since 2002, and now spreading to other countries including India, may be caused by chronic, severe dehydration linked to global climate change, says a new study.

“This could be the first epidemic directly caused by global warming,” said one of the researchers Richard Johnson, professor of medicine at the University of Colorado, School of Medicine in the US.

Continue reading Climate Change behind mysterious kidney disease: Study

Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (4 – 10 November 2014)

Click here to download the pdf-   ROAP_sitmap_141110

Asia and the Pacific:Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (4-10 November 2014
Asia and the Pacific:Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (4-10 November 2014

SRI LANKA

As of 5 Nov 2014, the Disaster Management Center (DMC) reported that search and rescue teams have recovered 10 bodies at the Koslanda tea plantation in Badulla estate. The DMC reported 1,875 people affected, five people injured and 28 people still missing.

Following the advice of the Ministry of Disaster Management, a joint rapid needs assessment, originally planned for 5 and 6 Nov, did not take place. A secondary data and desk review is currently underway in Colombo with enhanced coordination and information management capacity. UNDP is preparing to fund a longer term multi-agency assessment of new evacuation sites being created across the district and potential landslide areas.

*10 people dead

1,875 people affected*

Original Link-Click Here